Heart attack treatment and prevention

Heart attack treatment and prevention
Heart attack treatment and prevention

Heart attack treatment and prevention are most important part for all the sufferers. We all know that prevention is better than cure. Heart diseases are the number one cause of death in the world. Heart attack is most common cause. It can be easily prevented if measures are implemented properly. One should be alert and should take proper personal care if he/she had already suffered from a minor heart attack (heart attacks not proved to be fatal). So lets start with tests and diagnosis for heart attack treatment.

The medical professionals would test you check symptoms and signs to determine if you are suffering from heart problems and then they will suggest ways for heart attack treatment and prevention.

If you’re to pull up quickly setting for signs of a cardiac event, you’ll need to describe your symptoms and have your hypertension, pulse and temperature checked. Then your heart will be monitored for some time and will also be tested to determine if you’re experiencing a heart attack.

Tests can help verify heart attack signs, for example pain in the chest, indicate heart disease or any other condition. These tests include:

Blood testing
If your heart has been damaged by heart attack then it will lead to leak of some enzymes. So doctors will take your blood samples to check the enzymes to determine if you are suffering from heart attack.

Electrocardiogram test(ECG)
This test would be done to check if your muscles are injured from heart attack or not. The electrodes will be attached to your skin and electric waves will be transmitted. The reports will be showed on a monitor showing the graph of conduction of electric current as these waves cannot conduct through damaged muscles it can only travel through healthy muscles.

X ray
Medical professionals will take an x ray picture of your chest. This picture will help the doctor in determining the heart health of the person. the doctor cam easily check the size of the person.

Stress test
Doctors will conduct an exercise session. In this section doctor will check how your hearts responds when you are doing intense exercises and breathing heavily. They may inject an small instrument to monitor your heart. Then they will ask you to run on a treadmill or play football etc. while you will be playing they will monitor your heart activities and find about heart disease.

Heart attack treatment
Aspirin

Medical professionals would recommend you to take aspirin because it prevents blood clotting. But it also have some harmful effect also.

Thrombolytics
Thrombolytics also acts an clot busters as they prevent clotting of blood in arteries preventing blockage. These are light medicines and definitely decrease the risk of heart attack.

Nitro glycerin
These are very important medicine as it generally helps by widening the arteries and in turn maintaining efficient flow of blood.

Beta blockers
It will provide relief to your heart by decreasing the blood pressure. It will decrease the risk of heart attack but it can cause harm.

Stenting
A stent is a small tube like structure used to treat small and weak arteries. when the artery is blocked due to plaque or blood clotting then the stents are inserted. These stents are adjtable. when they are inserted they are compact but when they are placed inside the artery then they are wide compressing the plaque. It is a very common surgery.

Heart bypass surgery
In this process the blocked arteries of heart are replaced by other arteries of your body. These arteries are generally taken from leg thigh. This surgery is very common in US.

Prevention
Avoid smoking

Smoking damages your arteries making them narrow. The carbon monoxide in the smoke leads to the formation of carboxy haemoglobin reducing the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. Avoid second hand smoke.

Maintain blood pressure
Maintain your blood pressure. Get your blood pressure checked at least once in a weak.

Cholesterol
Cholesterol is the major cause of heart attack. It blocks the arteries preventing insufficient supply of oxygen leading to heart attack. Avoid eating junk food instead eat lot of fruits and green leafy vegetables.

Exercise
It will help keep you fit. You will have more stamina and cleaner arteries avoiding heart attacks.

Eat healthy food
Low-fat dairy products are well-known sources of calcium, and many are fortified with vitamin D. You can also get calcium in nondairy foods, like salmon, mackerel, tuna, sardines, white beans and tofu. Fruits and vegetables are the best way to get these important vitamins and minerals. You’ll get calcium and vitamin K from kale, collard greens, broccoli, spinach and cabbage. Vitamin C is high in red and green bell peppers, strawberries, Brussels sprouts, oranges and pineapples.

Deal with depression and stress
Don’t be depressed or stressed as it will increase your blood pressure and will lead to hypertension. You will easily fall victim to heart attack as because of increased heart activity.